Section 2 of Decree No. 45/2020. (XI. 28.) of the Minister for Innovation and Technology (MIT Decree) on motorways, speedways and main roads subject to toll payment and on the tolls payable determines the scope of vehicles exempted from toll fees on toll sections.
Pursuant to Section 2 (1) of the MIT Decree, the following vehicles shall be exempt from fees:
- motor vehicles operated by the Hungarian Defence Forces, the Parliamentary Guard, and the law enforcement agencies of Hungary,
- motor vehicles operated by foreign armed forces or international military organizations stationed, serving in or passing through Hungary,
- motor vehicles with registration numbers issued in Hungary and entitled to use emergency lights and sirens, regardless of whether such signals are on when driving on the toll section,
- motor vehicles performing operator tasks and operated by the road operator managing the relevant toll sections,
- motor vehicles performing roadside inspection and operated by the transport authority,
- motor vehicles operated by toll enforcement organizations and performing toll enforcement functions,
- motor vehicles ordered to perform transportation tasks in crisis situations caused by mass migration,
- on the basis of the principle of reciprocity, motor vehicles operated by the diplomatic corps of countries that grant the same exemption to vehicles operated by the Hungarian diplomatic corps,
- operators of motor vehicles transporting humanitarian aid, during the discharge of such duties,
- operators of motor vehicles involved in the prevention or control of damage caused by disasters as specified within the meaning of the Disaster Relief Act, during the discharge of such duties, as well motor vehicles used by members of volunteer fire brigades, municipal and institutional fire departments, and voluntary or mandatory civil protection units, in the course of the exercise ordered.
It is important to note that the authorized persons and entities specified above shall only be exempted from toll payment on toll sections when using a vehicle whose registration number has been reported in advance in writing or by electronic means, verifying authorization, to the transport administration authority and which has been registered accordingly by the transport administration authority.
Exemption from toll payment for a given vehicle shall remain valid until 31 January of the year after reporting, and is subject to renewal each year. Exceptions shall be granted for vehicles with registration numbers issued in Hungary and entitled to use emergency lights and sirens: toll payment exemption for such vehicles applies as long as such vehicles are entitled to use emergency lights and sirens. The entities entitled to toll exemption shall report any change in their toll-exempt vehicles without delay.
If the fact of toll exemption is not reported by the specified deadline and surcharge fee obligations are incurred as a result, a retroactive exemption may be requested with subsequent certification by the transport administration authority. In this case, exemption from toll payment requires proof of eligibility for toll exemption and payment of the administrative fee of HUF 1,470 as per the ITM Decree, due within 90 days of the date of receipt of the first surcharge payment notice. The deadline shall also be considered met if the authorized person or entity has submitted its request to the transport administration authority by the specified deadline.
For as long as a public road is closed for traffic or traffic is restricted along and diverted from such road, if the toll road section concerned has been designated as a diversion by the bodies under Act I of 1988 on Road Transport (primarily the road operator and the Police), vehicles without a road use authorization shall only use the toll road designated as a diversion between the point of entry to the toll section and the next exit to a road junction or, in the case of the closure of such exit to a road junction, the next open exit to a road junction along the toll road section concerned, in which cases no surcharge may be imposed.
The agency ordering the road closure or traffic restriction or diversion shall inform road users of the above by way of media service providers.
If the agency legally authorized to control traffic diverts road traffic to a toll section without designating a diversion, in respect of this measure such toll sections may be used without vignettes (road use authorization) and therefore no surcharge may be imposed.
Damage control or prevention
No road toll shall be payable for the duration of the prevention or control of damage by vehicles participating therein, if such vehicles perform these activities free of charge and their registration numbers have been reported to the public road operator or NTPS in advance, or their registration numbers or the expected duration of such activities are reported to NTPS and the transport administration authority before the commencement of such activities or on the second business days after at the latest by the body established in order to perform the general activities of the Police.
Cooperation with law enforcement
Vehicles involved in cross-border activities based on an international treaty entered into with a view to enabling cooperation on preventing cross-border crime and combating organized crime shall, based on a certificate issued by the approving body under the treaty concerned, be exempt, for the duration of the operation, from the payment of the surcharge.
How to report toll exemption
In order to qualify for an authorization at a discount, a request must be submitted to any transport administration authority (district office, government customer service) or to the deputy state secretariat of the Ministry of the Interior responsible for registration:
Deputy State Secretariat of the Ministry of the Interior Responsible for Registration, Central Department for Transport Administration and Registration
H-1094 Budapest, Balázs Béla utca 35.
For more information, please click here.
Our Company can only rely on the contents of the BM NYHÁT database to verify the toll exemption of vehicles. Due to the closed operating logic of the system, verification based on visual inspection or vehicle registration certificates is not possible. Consequently, the organizations eligible for toll exemption but failing to comply with their obligation to report exemption may receive a payment notice if their vehicles enter toll sections.
Naturally, the MIT Decree allows for subsequent correction, i.e. exemption from the surcharge imposed on the vehicle. This, however, requires proof of eligibility for toll exemption and payment of a one-time administrative fee required by law, which is due within the 90-day period from the date the payment notice is received.
Discount for large families and people with reduced mobility
After prior reporting, large families and people with reduced mobility are eligible for partial toll exemption, i.e. they can use the toll road network with their passenger car in vehicle category D2 by purchasing a D1 e-vignette.
Conditions for partial toll-exemption
- The passenger car classified as vehicle category D2 should be owned or operated by a person receiving family allowance for at least 3 children, or by a person holding a parking certificate for persons with reduced mobility or their relative living in the same household.
- Partial toll exemption applies exclusively to the vehicle that, based on the notification by the operator, is registered by the transport administration authority, and is valid only for the period during which it is registered as eligible for partial exemption.
- Large families’ eligibility for a discount is valid until 31 January of the year following the year of registration, and the e-vignettes can be used according to the validity periods (weekly/10-day, monthly, annual) determined in the MIT Decree. In other words, the reporting required for purchasing e-vignettes at a discount should be renewed each year.
- Those holding an ID for people with reduced mobility do not have to renew the reporting. In their case, eligibility ceases when the parking certificate is revoked or through removal from the registry.
- The operator of the motor vehicle can only apply the discount to a single registration number at a time.
- Eligible persons become entitled to the discount before purchasing the vignette upon notification to the transport administration authority, after having been registered.
- If the motorists planning to avail themselves of the discount fail to comply with the preliminary reporting obligation, yet use the toll road network with a D1 vignette purchased for their vehicles classified into vehicle category D2 and request their registration for the discount later, the journeys made on the toll road network in category D1 prior to registration qualify as unauthorized road use, and may result in a surcharge payment notice.
- Eligible users are exempted from the payment of the surcharge if they comply with their reporting obligation within 90 days from the receipt of the surcharge payment notice, and officially inform the Company thereof, and also they pay the administrative fee (HUF 1,470) required by law within the same period.
- All other discount-related issues shall be governed by the applicable decree.
- As the information presented herein is not exhaustive, please contact the competent agencies for administrative details.