Important changes in the toll payment system

Amendments to the rules concerning the use of the Hungarian toll road network, affecting both the e-toll and the e-vignette systems, will take effect at the end of 2018 and at the beginning of 2019.

New toll road sections

On 1 January 2019, a number of new expressway and main road sections opened in 2018 will become part of the toll road network. Thus the length of the toll road network will increase from 1,356 km to 1,380 km in the e-vignette system, and from 6,880 km to 6,914 km in the e-toll system applicable to heavy duty vehicles with a maximum gross weight of over 3.5 tonnes (the number of basic tolled sections in the latter will change from 2,462 to 2,474). The new toll road sections are listed in the table below.

Road name

Road length (km)

Toll payable in the e-toll system?

Toll payable in the e-vignette system?

Expressway M4 (road section between M0-Cegléd and Cegléd-Abony)

8.2

YES

NO

Expressway M25, north phase

4.0

YES

NO

Motorway M35 (road section between main road No. 481 and Berettyóújfalu)

18.7

YES

YES

Motorway M4 (road section between Berettyóújfalu and main road No. 47)

3.7

YES

YES

Main road No. 471 (Hajdúsámson bypass)

8.6

YES

NO

Main road No. 445 (between M5 and main road No. 5)

3.4

YES

NO

The complete list of toll road sections in the e-toll system is included in Annex 1 of Decree 25/2013 (V. 31.) NFM, and those in the e-vignette system in Annex 2 of Decree 37/2007 (III. 26.) GKM.

No more exemption for detours

As a result of an important change in the e-toll system for heavy duty vehicles with a gross weight of over 3.5 tonnes, the toll sections designated as detours will no longer be toll exempt as of 25 December 2018.

Until the end of 2018, any toll section designated as a detour is automatically exempt from toll. The previous legal provisions did not differentiate between ad hoc and fixed detours, nor was it possible to take into account when someone had already planned to travel on a route that was later designated as a detour.

Considering that in the latter case exemption for the vehicles concerned is not justified, the new legislation eliminates this possibility. At the same time, it also stipulates that in the case of ad hoc detours (in effect for no longer than 31 days), heavy duty vehicles travelling on the detour route shall be exempt from fines even if they have not fulfilled their toll payment obligations for the given road section (i.e. they have not purchased a route ticket or their on-board unit has insufficient balance).

The relevant regulations remain unchanged in the e-vignette system, thus no toll shall be paid for the use of otherwise toll sections that the road operator has designated as a detour.

Stricter emission classification

Another important amendment to the rules affecting the e-toll system will make the emission classification of motor vehicles stricter from 1 January 2019. Unlike now, only vehicles powered by engines of emission class EURO V or higher will be eligible for category A, which offers the most affordable rates. The reason for the amendment to the rules is to foster the enforcement of the “polluter pays principle” and to take account of the automotive developments concerning engines of the past few years.

New classification of the emission categories of heavy duty vehicles (with a gross weight of over 3.5 tonnes):

  • Category A: motor vehicles with a minimum EURO V engine
  • Category B: motor vehicles with a EURO II, EURO III and EURO IV engine
  • Category C: motor vehicles with a EURO I engine or worse

Differentiating factors for the calculation of category-based toll:

Emission class

Vehicle categories J2-J3

Vehicle category J4

Category A

0.85

0.85

Category B

1.0

1.0

Category C

1.15

1.2

Toll rate per kilometre from 1 January 2019, taking into account the above emission classes and differentiating factors (gross amount):

Emission Class

J2

J3

J4

Expressway

Main road

Expressway

Main road

Expressway

Main road

A

HUF 47.12

HUF 20.04

HUF 66.11

HUF 34.71

HUF 102.34

HUF 63.84

B

HUF 55.44

HUF 23.58

HUF 77.78

HUF 40.83

HUF 120.40

HUF 75.10

C

HUF 63.76

HUF 27.12

HUF 89.45

HUF 46.95

HUF 144.48

HUF 90.12

Amendments to rules affecting combinations of vehicles

Several changes affect the trailer regulations in the e-vignette system.

A major change is that as of the beginning of 2019, trailer authorizations (vehicle category U) can be purchased for vehicles in category D2 or B2 (besides D2 or B2 authorization). This will benefit motorists, who can now use the e-vignette purchased for vehicle category U to tow any trailer.

The other part of the changes concerns the amount of the fine that may be imposed for the unauthorized road use of combinations of vehicles and the group of road users subject to such fine. Under the new regulation, if neither the towing vehicle of vehicle category D2 or B2 nor the trailer (category U) of the combination of vehicles has road use authorization, instead of a double fine only a single fine may be imposed on the operator or the owner of the towing vehicle. The operator or the owner is obliged to pay the fine also if the towing vehicle has but the trailer does not have road use authorization.

In accordance with the foregoing, the part of the Toll Decree that regulates the amount of the fine and the fine difference has also been slightly modified.

Amount of fines as of 1 January 2019:

Vehicle category

Base fine
(paid within 60 days)

Increased fine
(paid over 60 days)

D1M

HUF 7,500

HUF 30,000

D1 / D2

HUF 14,875

HUF 59,500

B2

HUF 66,925

HUF 267,700

Amount of the fine difference as of 1 January 2019:

Vehicle category selected

Applicable vehicle category

Fine difference
(paid within 60 days)

Fine difference
(paid over 60 days)

D1

D2

HUF 7,500

HUF 30,000

D2

D2 + U

HUF 7,500

HUF 30,000

B2

B2 + U

HUF 7,500

HUF 30,000

D1 / D2 / U

B2

HUF 52,050

HUF 208,200